what is hkd

These banks, HSBC, Bank of China, and Standard Chartered, issue their own designs of banknotes in denominations of HK$20, HK$50, HK$100, HK$150, HK$500, and HK$1000, with all designs being similar to one another in the same denomination of banknote. However, the HK$10 banknote and all coins are issued by the Government of Hong Kong. In 1845, the first private bank, the Oriental Bank, was founded. However, banknotes were not produced until the 1860s, when the Oriental Bank, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China and the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation began issuing notes. Denominations issued in the 1860s and 1870s included 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500 dollars.

  1. The HKD is used in both Hong Kong and the neighboring territory of Macau, whose currency, the pataca, is pegged to the Hong Kong dollar.
  2. The Hong Kong dollar was first seen as a distinct currency in 1863.
  3. In 1972, the HK dollar was pegged to the U.S. dollar at a rate of HK$5.65 to $1 USD.
  4. These notes were printed in paper in 2002 and in polymer since 2007.
  5. The Mercantile Bank was absorbed by the HSBC in 1978 and ceased issuing notes.

Below, you’ll find Hong Kong Dollar rates and a currency converter. Banks and traditional providers often have extra costs, which they pass to you by marking up the exchange rate. Our smart tech means we’re more efficient – which means you get a great rate. They add hidden markups to their exchange rates – charging you more without your knowledge.

Wise Products

The linked exchange rate system is designed to stabilize the exchange rate between the Hong Kong dollar (HKD) and the United States dollar (USD). The fixed exchange rate system seeks to maintain parity with the USD within a tight range, allowing HKD note-issuing https://www.topforexnews.org/ banks to issue new banknotes only when they deposit an equivalent value of U.S. dollars with the authority. In 1863, London’s Royal Mint began issuing Hong Kong Dollar coins. By 1935, Hong Kong was the only country left on the silver standard.

1-dollar notes were replaced by coins in 1960, with only the 1-cent note issued by the government after 1965. When Hong Kong was established as a free trading port in 1841, there was no local currency in everyday circulation. Financially, the currency peg was designed not to require the Bank of England to lend its reserves to maintain Hong Kong’s currency peg. Three commercial banks are licensed by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority to issue their own banknotes for general circulation in Hong Kong.

Copper-nickel 50 cents were issued in 1951 and first bore the name “fifty cents” in both Chinese and English, but these were changed to nickel-brass in 1977. Commemorative banknotes have also been issued celebrating the note-issuing banks’ anniversaries as well as the Olympic Games held in Beijing in 2008 and 2022. These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days.

Convert Hong Kong Dollar to US Dollar

London eventually acquiesced and legislation was enacted in attempts to regulate the coinage. New British trade dollars were coined at the mints in Calcutta and Bombay for use in both Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements. In 1906, the Straits Settlements issued their own silver dollar coin and attached it to a gold sterling exchange standard at a fixed value of 2 shillings and https://www.dowjonesanalysis.com/ 4 pence. This was the point of departure as between the Hong Kong unit and the Straits unit. Banknotes are then run through a government exchange fund that holds U.S. dollars in reserves and records all transactions in the general accounts of the two currencies. Under capital control laws, a bank can only use HK dollars if it has the equivalent value of U.S. dollars on deposit.

what is hkd

As of today, coins in denominations of HK$10, HK$5, HK$2, HK$1, 50 cents, 20 cents and 10 cents are issued by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority on behalf of the Government of Hong Kong. Established in 1993, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority is the central bank of the island and acts to control inflation and maintain the stability of the Hong Kong dollar (HKD) and of the banking sector through its monetary policy. In 1873, the international silver crisis resulted in a devaluation of silver against gold-based currencies. Since the silver dollars in the US and Canada were attached to a gold exchange standard, this meant that the silver dollars circulating along the China coast dropped in value as compared to the U.S. dollar and the Canadian dollar. Check live rates, send money securely, set rate alerts, receive notifications and more. Our currency rankings show that the most popular US Dollar exchange rate is the USD to USD rate.

HKD – Hong Kong Dollar

In 1994 the HKMA gave authority to the Bank of China to issue notes. In 1934, the last 1-cent coins were issued, but the last minting was 1941. These were not issued because the Japanese sank a ship carrying 1-cent coins bound for Hong Kong in the Second World War. The following year (1935), cupro-nickel 5 and 10 cents were introduced, replaced by nickel in 1937 and nickel-brass between 1948 and 1949.

During Japanese occupation the Dollar was temporarily suspended, replaced by the Japanese Military Yen. In 1945, the Hong Kong was re-issued, pegged to the British Pound at a rate of 16 HKD to 1 GBP. In 1972, the Hong Kong Dollar re-pegged to the US Dollar, with the rate changing multiple times over the next few decades. In 1945, paper money production resumed essentially unaltered from before the war, with the government issuing 1 cent, 5 cents, 10 cents, and 1-dollar notes, and the three banks issuing 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500-dollar notes.

In early 1997, to commemorate Hong Kong’s transfer of sovereignty from Britain to the PRC, the government issued a new commemorative coin set which depicted Chinese cultural themes and Hong Kong’s landmarks and 19 and 97, marking the year 1997, on each side of the designs. These percentages show how much the exchange rate has fluctuated over the last 30 and 90-day periods. The Hong Kong dollar is made up of 100 cents and is often shown with the HK$ prefix to differentiate it from other dollar-denominated currencies. Hong Kong is a leading global financial center and its economy is considered to be the freest in the world. As of 18 May 2005, in addition to the lower guaranteed limit, a new upper guaranteed limit was set for the Hong Kong dollar at HK$7.75 to the US dollar.

The issue of Hong Kong dollar notes is governed today by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), the governmental currency board of Hong Kong. Under licence from the HKMA, three commercial banks issue their own banknotes for general circulation in the region. They are Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited; the Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited; and the Standard https://www.forexbox.info/ Chartered Bank (Hong Kong) Limited. In most countries of the world the issue of banknotes is handled exclusively by a single central bank or government. The arrangements in Hong Kong are unusual but not unique; a comparable system is used in the United Kingdom, where seven banks issue banknotes. One of the key roles of the HKMA is maintaining currency stability.

Xe Currency Charts

The HKMA has about $450 billion+ USD in foreign reserves to thwart any attempts to break the peg with the USD. One notable attempt was made by legendary hedge fund manager George Soros in 1998. Compare our rate and fee with our competitors and see the difference for yourself. The HKMA holds one of the world’s largest currency reserves in relation to its economy. The Xe Rate Alerts will let you know when the rate you need is triggered on your selected currency pairs. Live tracking and notifications + flexible delivery and payment options.

Production of the 1-mil ended in 1866, whilst that of the half-dollar and 1-dollar ceased in 1868, with only the half-dollar (now with the denomination given as 50 cents) resuming production in 1890. Production of all silver coins was suspended in 1905, only briefly resumed in 1932 and 1933 for the production of 5-cent coins. In 1972, the HK dollar was pegged to the U.S. dollar at a rate of HK$5.65 to $1 USD.